English Glossary


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Accepting the other

acknowledging difference, individual paths, diversity of points of view, and variety of cultural, social, political and religious backgrounds. Accepting the other and acknowledging diversity also signifies a rejection of the concept of assimilation that aims at imposing a one-sided model of thinking and existence for all. Accepting the other is the foundation of harmonious coexistence in the framework of diversity on the levels of ethnicity, gender, religion, political beliefs, as it entails respect of the freedom of thought, the freedom of conscience and the freedom of belief. It is promoted by knowledge of one another, openness and communication.


an attitude adopted by one of the parties in conflict where, instead of defending its own interests, it prefers to make concessions, with nothing in return, just to put an end to the conflict.


the submission of all public authorities to the people's sovereignty principle; it is the right and even the duty of the people to monitor the performance of officials in public institutions in order to better serve society's interests and the common good, and render them accountable for their performance, through monitoring entities, judicial entities, civil society or elections.


an attitude that tends to evade taking part in a conflict. This conduct is often based on considerations that the mere participation in the conflict is likely to cause damage greater than avoidance itself.



every bond whether natural like belonging to a family by birth, or voluntary, such as belonging to a political party or an association. Belonging reflects a partnership in some of the aspects of life and a commitment to a single project or shared destiny. The sense of belonging thus assumes that within a group of individuals, one would say 'we' alongside the others belonging to the same group, including those they do not know in depth.


Citizen's rights and obligations

Citizenship ensures for every citizen private and public rights at the social, political and economic levels which he/she must have; in parallel to obligations and responsibilities that each citizen should fulfill towards his/her nation, according to what is stipulated by the nation's constitution and laws. This reality imposes on the State the responsibility of establishing equality, social justice and human dignity among all citizens, regardless of their status or affiliation. It also requires from the citizen to respect laws, participate efficiently in public affairs, pay taxes and be socially solidary with others. The achievement of this makes citizens immune to feelings of discrimination and hatred and provides them with an opportunity to live together and have mutual respect towards each other.


an active belonging to a national entity in addition to a relationship with the State and society based on laws and a set of shared common values. Citizenship is related to the set of inalienable rights and duties' regulating the political, social and economic life of all citizens without discrimination, guaranteeing their private and public freedoms and providing them with incentives for positive interaction as well as responsible participation in public life.

Civil society

the sum of nongovernmental and non-profit organizations, institutions, entities, initiatives and movements present in public life and tackling public affairs. Civil society reflects society's awareness of its interests, and expresses people's convictions in relation to cultural, social, political, scientific, ethnic, religious, and caritative considerations. Its organizational structures might be permanent such as NGOs (trade unions, associations, cooperatives, cultural and sports clubs, political parties') or provisional entities for the cooperation on urgent matters (such as protest movements, relief campaigns, lobbies'). Civil society grows in proportion to the readiness of its members for commitment, service and volunteering in order to achieve the common good.


a conflict that went beyond discord and disagreement and turned into a violent confrontation.


the inclination to understand the needs and interests of the conflicting parties in order to find innovative solutions that would help all parties achieve their interests. This attitude is characterized by sharing information so that both parties are able to define common grounds and solutions that satisfy them both.

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